The culture of Burundi and history blend together. The oral literature of Burundi is incorporated into part of the culture of Burundi. The proverbs, tales, riddles and poetry disclose the life of the Burundi people. The instruments, weapons and a diverse of other things that are kept in the museum offer a detail understanding of the Burundi Culture.

Burundi is among the smallest nations of central Africa, it is relatively densely populated. The first occupants of the country are the Twa Pygmies who make only one percent of the population currently. The Hutus arrived at the country in the 11th century then the Tutsis in the 14th century. Culture in Burundi comprises rich dance and music

Burundi Ethnic Groups
Burundi Ethnic Tribes comprise of various indigenous tribes like the Bantus, the Tutsis and the Twa. Hutus or Bantus constitute the biggest part of ethnic groups in Burundi. About eighty five percent of the tribal population in Burundi is the Bantu then followed by the Tutsis that constitute fourteen percent of the population and remaining one percent of the population belong to the Twa group. Hutu, the biggest ethnic group in are mainly farmers. The Tutsis constitute the largest number in the military of Burundi as they are referred to as warriors due to the nature of their heights. Twa is the oldest of all the tribes of the region.

There are other international expatriate communities which comprise of Pakistanis, Arabs, Greeks and Indians

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